Use of oil painting at bamyan in afghanistan predating european

The Silk Road is a caravan route linking the markets of China with those of Western Asia.Until the 11th century, Bamyan was part of the kingdom of Gandhara.They were intentionally dynamited and destroyed in 2001 by the Taliban, on orders from leader Mullah Mohammed Omar, after the Taliban government declared that they were "idols" (which are forbidden under Sharia law).International opinion strongly condemned the destruction of the Buddhas, which was viewed as an example of the intolerance of the Taliban and of Islamism.The destruction of the Bamyan Buddhas became a symbol of oppression and a rallying point for the freedom of religious expression.Despite the fact that most Afghans are Muslim, they too had embraced their past and many were appalled by this destruction.In 12 of 50 caves, the murals were painted using drying oils -- perhaps from walnuts and poppy seeds -- the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility said.Its findings on the age of the oil paintings were published this week in The Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry.

Bamiyan, about 130 kilometers (80 miles) northwest of Kabul, was once a thriving center of commerce and Buddhism.The smaller of the two statues was built in 507, the larger in 554.The statues are believed to have been built by the Kushans, with the guidance of local Buddhist monks, at the heyday of their empire.It was the site of several Buddhist monasteries, and a thriving center for religion, philosophy, and Indian art.It was a Buddhist religious site from the 2nd century up to the time of the Islamic invasion in the 9th century.

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