Stock option backdating example
Granting stock options to employees is a generally accepted and perfectly legal form of compensating employees. Critics of backdating argue that the practice is difficult to detect and thus encourages boards and executives to use it to synthesize more creative compensation packages.
The term “backdating” refers to a number of option granting practices in which the reported grant date is different from the date on which the option is actually awarded, resulting in an option that is already “in-the-money” at the time of the grant.
This problem occurs most often when boards or committees act by unanimous written consent but there is a delay in the receipt of all of the signed consents.
Even though no documents are backdated and there may be no intent to select a lower exercise price, backdating issues may arise if the stock price increases before the corporate formalities have been completed.
But if these conditions are not met, a number of negative consequences can result, depending on the individual circumstances of the practice at issue.
Options that are granted at less than fair market value result in higher levels of compensation expense.