Dating silver candlestick
The hallmark for sterling silver varies from nation to nation, often using distinctive historic symbols, although Dutch and UK Assay offices no longer strike their traditional hallmarks exclusively in their own territories and undertake assay in other countries using marks that are the same as those used domestically.One of the most highly structured hallmarking systems in the world is that of the United Kingdom, (Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland), and Ireland.In the early United States, no national assaying system was adopted, although the city of Baltimore did maintain its own assay office between 18.Prior to the general adoption of sterling silver as the standard of purity in 1868, silver was generally obtained from the melting of coins.Meanwhile, a hexagonal frame represented 900 fine silver.
Shows the hallmarks for two pieces of English silver (from the workshops of George Adams (1842) and Joseph & Albert Savory (1838)) each with a tally mark added (the letter B on one and a small dot on the other).
"In the USA, The National Gold and Silver Marketing Act does not require precious metals to be marked with quality.
However, if a quality mark is used, the mark must be accompanied by a manufacturer's hallmark that is a registered trademark or the name of the manufacturer.
These five nations have, historically, provided a wealth of information about a piece through their series of applied punches.
Since 2015 visually identical UK Hallmarks are being struck in India and Italy by sub-offices of Birmingham & Sheffield Assay Offices respectively: London assay office hallmarks on the back of a waiter, or small square salver.