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A large percentage of indentured labourers returned to India following the expiry of their terms, and some of those who returned alerted authorities in India to abuses taking place in Natal, which led to new safeguards being put in place before further recruiting of indentured labourers was allowed to take place.
Former indentured labourers who didn't return to India quickly established themselves as an important general labour force in Natal particularly as industrial and railway workers, with others engaging in market gardening, growing most of the vegetables consumed by the white population.
South African English • Afrikaans • Gujarati • Punjabi • Marathi • Hindi • Awadhi • Bhojpuri • Urdu • Tamil • Telugu • Malayalam • Kannada • Other languages of South Asia • Other languages of South Africa Many Indians in South Africa are descendants of migrants from colonial India (South Asia) during late 19th-century through early 20th-century.
At times Indians were subsumed in the broader geographical category "Asians".
Indian traders were sometimes referred to as "Arab traders" because of their dress, and because large numbers of them were Muslim.
In total 142 people died in the riots and another 1,087 people were injured.
During ideological apartheid from 1948 to 1994, Indians were called and often voluntarily accepted, terms that ranged from "Asians" to "Indians".
Some citizens believed that these terms were improvements on the negatively defined identity of "Non-White", which was their previous status.
Natal's Indian traders rapidly displaced small white shop owners in trade with other Indians, and with black Africans, causing resentment among white businesses. Gandhi arrived in South Africa to represent an Indian businessman in a legal dispute.
Researchers have made efforts to collect and make available shipping lists of Indian immigrants. Following his arrival in South Africa, Gandhi experienced racial discrimination, and, following the proposal of legislation to restrict Indian voting rights in Natal, he helped organise resistance, leading to the formation of the Natal Indian Congress.